Pakistan’s Annual Status of Education Report 2018 shows improvement in the status of education. The Survey conducted by Pakistan’s Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi recorded 83 percent of children enrolled in schools as compared to 81 percent in 2016.
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Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) survey was conducted in collaboration with civil society and partner bodies including Democratic Commission for Human Development (DCHD), Community Research and Development Organization (CRDO), Community Motivation and Development Organization (CMDO), Development Alternatives, Hamza Development Foundation, Society for Human Development and EHED Foundation.
The Annual Status of Education Report gathered information from 89,966 households and assessed 260,069 children aged between 3 to 16 years. As per the reports, 11,000 volunteers visited 154 districts (new districts added in Balochistan and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 4,527 villages.
In 2018, the ASER rural survey took into account 196,253 children between 5 to 16 years of age and assessed their competence in local languages (Urdu/Sindhi/Pashto), English, and Arithmetic. The report tried to see progress with respect to Article 25A of the constitution-making education a fundamental right for children between 5 to 16 years of age. The report also tracked advancement towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4, assessing learning at the lower primary level.
According to the report, the proportion of out-of-school children had decreased to 17 percent in 2018 as compared to 19 percent in 2016. Early childhood education was also assessed in the report. It stated that from 2014, the enrolment recorded at 39 percent declined to 37 percent in 2015, 36 in 2016 and rose to 37 percent in 2018 again in rural areas of the country.
The report highlights that the quality of education has improved as compared to the past. The ASER says that private school teachers were reported to have better qualifications. As many as 42pc teachers in private schools are graduates compared to 36pc in government schools.