Yes, phalloplasty can be performed for individuals with a history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, it is important to note that some STIs, such as HIV and HPV, can increase the risk of complications from surgery.
Before undergoing phalloplasty, individuals with a history of STIs should be evaluated by a healthcare provider to determine whether they are at increased risk of complications. If so, the healthcare provider may recommend additional testing or treatment before surgery.
Here are some of the things that a healthcare provider may consider when evaluating an individual with a history of STIs for phalloplasty:
- The type of STI(s) the individual has had
- How long ago the individual had the STI(s)
- Whether the individual has any ongoing symptoms of the STI(s)
- Whether the individual is taking any medication for the STI(s)
- The individual’s overall health status
If the healthcare provider determines that the individual is at increased risk of complications from phalloplasty, they may recommend the following:
- Additional testing to assess the individual’s risk of complications
- Treatment for any ongoing STI infections
- Delaying surgery until the individual’s risk of complications has decreased
Even if an individual is at increased risk of complications from phalloplasty, surgery may still be an option. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of surgery with a healthcare provider to make an informed decision.
Here are some of the ways to reduce the risk of complications from phalloplasty for individuals with a history of STIs:
- Take all prescribed medications as directed
- Follow all instructions from the surgeon
- Keep the surgical site clean and dry
- Avoid strenuous activity until cleared by the surgeon
- See the surgeon for regular follow-up appointments
Phalloplasty can be performed for individuals with a history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but it’s essential for individuals to communicate their medical history, including their history of STIs, with their surgical team during the consultation and preoperative evaluation process. Here are some considerations:
- Preoperative Evaluation: Prior to phalloplasty, individuals typically undergo a comprehensive preoperative evaluation, which includes a review of their medical history and any underlying medical conditions. A history of STIs may prompt additional assessments or precautions to ensure safe and successful surgery.
- STI Treatment: If an individual has a history of STIs, it’s crucial to inform their healthcare providers about the specific infections, treatment received, and current status. The surgical team may recommend STI testing to ensure that the infections are adequately treated and under control before surgery.
- Reducing Transmission Risk: Individuals with a history of STIs should discuss strategies for reducing the risk of transmission to sexual partners after phalloplasty. Open and honest communication with sexual partners and practicing safe sex are important for protecting both the individual and their partners.
- Post-Operative Care: After phalloplasty, individuals should continue to prioritize sexual health and may need to take precautions to prevent STIs, just as anyone engaging in sexual activities would. Proper condom use, regular STI testing, and routine sexual health check-ups are important components of post-operative care.
- Consultation with Healthcare Providers: Individuals should consult with their surgical team and primary care providers to discuss any concerns related to their history of STIs, sexual health, and how these factors may impact their phalloplasty surgery and recovery.